Traffic collisions are a major source of anguish for many families. For example, did you know that 32,719 people in the US died from road-related injuries in 2013? The causes of car accidents are numerous, but the most common cause is human error. Sadly, everyone suffers from these accidents including children. Therefore, manufacturers should make cars safe for everyone in the vehicle regardless of who causes the error. That means cars should pass critical safety tests before someone operates them on the road. Here are three-safety test automobiles must pass before going to market.
– Frontal Impact Tests
The most common traffic accidents are frontal impact collisions. More specifically, cars ram into vehicles, trees, buildings, bridges, and traffic barriers among other things. The reasons leading to these crashes vary, but their effects are similar. The car stops suddenly, the occupants of the vehicle surge forward at startling speeds, and the debris from the front-end flies into them. Therefore, frontal impact tests these areas of the automobile.
For example, the IIHS Small-Overlap Frontal-Impact test examines vehicles hitting rigid walls at 40 mph. In these collisions, 25% or more of the front end contacts the wall. Cars tend to rotate in such crashes hurling their occupants forward at an angle. Inspectors check if the dummies in the car will miss the side and front airbags given the tilt of their surge forwards. If they miss it, then the car’s manufacturer must redesign the vehicle. If they do not miss it, then the car can go into mass production.
– Tests for Side Collisions
These accidents occur when one vehicle crashes into the side of another one. Typically, it takes place in parking lots and at intersections. It also happens when cars are passing on multiple lane roadways. Many people refer to these crashes as T-Bone collisions because the accident looks like a T-Bone. Tests for these situations are extreme because they usually happen at highly vulnerable points for either the driver or his passengers.
Car examiners check the crumble zones of the vehicles. These zones should absorb the kinetic energy that results from the crash. Side airbags should also offer additional protection to the driver and his passengers. Relevant authorities test the impact of these collisions on both light and heavy vehicles. Normally, vehicles that do not pass these tests have to reinforce their underbodies to create a stable structure that can withstand such accidents.
– Tests for Rollover Accidents
These crashes are the most dramatic and they have a high fatality rate. They are also costly and as such, contacting your Atlanta car accident lawyer as soon as you receive medical treatment is critical. He will help you deal with insurance claims and third party allegations. The risk of a rollover increases with a rise in the car’s center of mass. Narrowed axle tracks also raise the possibility of this kind of incident. Other factors include steering sensitivity and high speeds while driving. You should also note that vehicles have different risks of rollover. For example, passenger cars have a rollover threshold of 1g-force of lateral acceleration. The threshold for light trucks is 0.8 to 1.2g-force while that of heavy commercial vehicles is as low as 0.2g-force.