The dual diagnosis has been long considered as a complex condition that demands immediate medical supervision. It is a condition where an individual is diagnosed with a mental disorder as well as an addiction to substances. It is the interdependence of the interdependence of the two conditions that makes recovery from dual diagnosis a complicated affair. The results can be devastating ranging from extreme mental breakdown to severe health complications.
In this article, we will talk about dual diagnosis and find out some of the contributing factors and the effects of dual diagnosis on a person’s physical and emotional health.
Dual Diagnosis and some contributing factors:
There are a few factors that contribute to the simultaneous development of substance abuse & mental disorders. These factors include:
Genes are a primary reason that people have to deal with temperaments that make people more tempted to take drugs or other substances and also make an individual prone to mental health disorders. Genes are also responsible for the reaction of brain and body to drugs.
The curiosity of risk taking and novelty seeking are the primary personality traits that are related to substance abuse and other underlying mental disorders.
The brain operates with the chemical reaction of dopamine with the brain cells. If one has a mental disorder or addiction, the results can disturb the equilibrium and affect the other.
If an individual has a history of trauma, there are all the chances that he/she may be prone to the risk of dual diagnosis.
Physical effects of dual diagnosis:
The effect of dual diagnosis on health differs from substance to substance and can also be different for various mental disorders. However, in any case, they are hazardous and worrisome. Each effect has the ability to accelerate the effects of the other and thus create more complicated symptoms. The common effects of dual diagnosis on the physical health of an addict include:
- Heart and blood disease.
- Hepatitis B and C.
- Lung disease.
- Nutritional and metabolic disease
- Lung disease.
- Muscle and bone disease.
- Sexual dysfunction.
The combination of both the disorder makes a person vulnerable to develop a variety of chronic diseases.
Emotional effects of Dual Diagnosis:
It is common for an addict with a mental disorder to feel distressed. The problem may worsen resulting in loneliness, depression, self-loathing, lack of confidence and guilt. The overall effect can be destroyed for the mental health of an individual. The most worrisome effect of the condition is suicidal thoughts.
The dual diagnosis has its own adversities to handle. An addict dealing with dual diagnosis is likely to face societal pressure which makes thing more gruesome. At times, dealing with love, compassion, and care becomes intolerable for the individual.
Treatment for dual diagnosis:
Dual diagnosis rehab facilities offer tailor-made programs for individuals dealing with the dual diagnosis. These programs are assured to offer help to the individual to embrace sobriety. Although it may take time, the results are assured and everlasting provided the individual is willing to fight against all odds.